presenting information & advice



Welcome to our Presenting information and advice pages- Where you are sure to find everything you need to start and pursue a career in presenting.


Good luck!


01.    So you want to be a presenter?

02.    Practise makes perfect

03.    Do your reseach

04.    Getting your big break

05.    Train, train...

06.    Agents

07.    Do I need to get an agent

08.    Gopher it!

09.    What if you hit a dead end?

10.    Autocue

11.    Being a presenter

12.    Hours and Environment

13.    Skills and Interests

14.    How to become a presenter

15.    Opportunities

16.    Annual Income

17.    The TV presenter

18.    Tips on being a top presenter

19.    Showreels

20.    Public speaking tips: 10 easy ways to prepare



1.    So you want to be a presenter?


So becoming a TV presenter is your burning desire. But what kind and how? There are loads of different TV presenters from newsreaders to chat show hosts, T4 to Tomorrow's World. Each presenting style requires different talents.


Where do you begin?

Thousands of young people want to be a TV presenter. If you thought Popstars was a competition from Hell, then be prepared for more of the same. Making it as a TV presenter can be equally as tough.

But TV land is changing. There are more and more TV stations and programmes so the opportunities for wannabe Presenters has never been better. And everyone is desperate to uncover the next BIG THING - the face of TV's future.

*  So what does it take to become a TV presenter? Talent? Ambition? Contacts? Perseverance? Nerve? Being in the right place at the right time? Plain old luck?

*  In truth, it's a mix of all of these. There is no golden route to TV Presenterdom.

Start watching the box. But this time, study the shows that are fronted by presenters. Which type of programmes do presenters work on? How are these put together and how does the presenter fit in? Do they link items together or control the direction of the show? How is Driven different to Top Gear?

*  How do the presenters 'talk' to the camera? How do they dress? How do they speak? What do they have in common and how do some stand out? How do they take a boring topic and make it interesting and engaging? How do they cope with the unexpected?

*  The more TV you analyse, the better idea you'll have of some of the key attributes you'll need, different presenting styles, some of the problems?


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2.    Practise makes perfect


*  Although TV presenters differ from show to show, channel to channel, they do share some common approaches and skills. The more of these you are aware of, and practise, the better your style will be and the greater chance you'll have of impressing!


Key things to practise are:

*  Reading out loud: Ahhh, the Presenter's saviour? The Autocue. A key skill is reading a script aloud from a computer screen. The trick is to look like it's all coming off the top of your head. Make up your own piece - say, 45 seconds on your favourite film - and practise presenting it as if you were on Moviewatch. Work on talking as if you are having a conversation and not reading from a script. Think about the way your voice sounds, how your head moves and the way your eyes interact with the camera and your audience. Get your friends and family to listen to you and be ruthless in their criticism - and don't take it personally!

*  Learn to ad-lib freely: Try deviating from the script- unless you're practising reading the news - you are supposed to be communicating NOT reading. This is a crucial skill when doing live TV. What if the unexpected happens? What if the Autocue breaks down in the middle of your link? You'll need to cope and make the link appear relaxed and seamless.

Check out the on-screen YOU: Try to get hold of a cam-corder and take at peek at what you look like on camera. Don't be surprised if the lens shows a different image of you than you expected! Compare how you look and act on screen with other presenters. Start by just talking to the camera about yourself. Keep it to 2 minutes and get a friend to give you hand signals at every 30 seconds and count you down the last 10. Practise finishing cleanly and calmly on zero - you'll soon get to know how long 10 seconds really is! Make sure you bring your talk to a natural conclusion rather than stopping dead because you've run out of time. Presenters do this all the time, so it's a great technique to master. If the words dry up, just say what you're thinking. And have fun - it will come across on camera.

*  Dress for success: If you want to present pop music shows, then a trendy image will be essential so that you look like you are one of the audience. A serious look is essential for news reading. It can help you to build a rapport. Make sure you feel comfortable and look the part.

*  Using props: Try using everyday items when you practise presenting - this could be a photo, brochure, toy? Presenters often use a prop so if you can feel at home talking to camera with any prop, then you're off to a head start.

Earpieces: Presenters typically wear an earpiece so that the Producer can communicate directly with them. They will speak to you while you are talking which can be off-putting. At least practise wearing an earpiece so you get used to the feel. Think of it as eavesdropping on someone else's conversation. Perhaps wear headphones with the radio on and practise listening and talking at the same time. It's not quite the same as a flustered Producer screaming in your ear to say something, ANYTHING but you will develop a feel for it.

*  Interviewing Technique: you can try your hand at interviewing with a friend. Get them to be Robbie Williams or William Hague? or just themselves. Try being serious with one and humorous with another. Work it out beforehand. The golden rule is LISTEN and let your interviewee TALK! You are there to get the most interesting information from your guest and maybe to coax something out of them that they wouldn't normally say. Your questions should be interesting, strong - even controversial! Keep the interview lively - if it's bland, then it's boring.

*  Last, but by no means least: BE YOURSELF! Don't develop a different personality just for the camera. This is likely to just make you look a fake and unprofessional. And viewers will quickly see through it. Everyone has their own style, so just let it happen - in fact capitalise on it! Smile - enjoy it, have confidence in yourself and let your personality shine through.


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3.   Do your research


Which production companies use a lot of Presenters? How is TV changing? What challenges does it face? What kind of Presenters are in demand?

All this will help you understand the TV world better. You can also keep up-to-date with all the TV news by checking out magazines like Broadcast and Monday supplements in the Guardian newspaper.


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4.   Getting your Big Break


Some of the big TV channels and production companies run Talent initiatives looking for new faces. They often want to see your showreel to see if you've got what it takes. A showreel is typically 4-5 minutes long showing you at your presenting best. Perhaps talking about yourself, doing a mock interview, a link etc. You can get these professionally made, but they cost. Alternatively you can make your own.

You may also have to audition, which can be a nerve-racking experience. Just go for it - but these are seriously over-subscribed and competition is fierce, so don't be too disappointed if you don't make it. Find out why they didn't want you this time and work out how you could improve.


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5.    Train, train...


You might want to get some training in TV presenting skills or TV skills in general - the more you have, the greater your chances. Presenters' courses come in different packages. Normally they include interviewing techniques, voice training, reading autocue and wardrobe advice. Make sure you choose one that gives you a showreel at the end.

They do cost - you can shell out anywhere between? 60 - ?700 with no guarantee that you'll succeed - check out the London Institute for examples.

*  Few presenters come direct from courses but the good ones will give you useful training, a showreel and insight into what's involved in the biz. They can help - Liz Fraser did a one day course and went on to present for Children's BBC and the Holiday programme. Also, check out the trade organisations like PACT and books like Making it as a radio or TV presenter: an insider's guide by Peter Baker.

There are a few organisations like YCTV ( that specialise in training young people in TV. Also your local college and training provider, as well as a growing number of universities, run a variety of TV and media courses from the very theoretical to the highly practical.

T4's Margherita Taylor studied media and communications at university, concentrating on video production. But it was when she entered Search For A Star, run by a Birmingham radio station, that she got her big break.


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6.   Agents


*  You could try and get yourself an agent. Again a showreel will be needed as well as a desire to succeed. If the agent is excited by what they see, they may take you on. But don't be too disappointed if that life-changing phonecall doesn't come. This is a longshot for an unknown aspiring TV Presenter!

*  Alternatively, you could come up with your own programme idea with - surprise, surprise - you as the frontman. Good TV ideas are hot property, and the more ideas you can come up with, the better. Again, this is a longshot, but it may just work for you.


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7.   Do I need to get an agent?


A Let's clear up one or two myths here. You don't need an agent to get work as a presenter. In fact, it's highly improbable that any reputable presenter's agent would take on a newcomer, without that person having established themselves first. The best agents generally have only a handful of experienced clients on their books.

We'd advise you to be very wary of anyone who says that they'll sign you up, or get you work, when you're just starting out - this is often a sign of a poor agent whose client list is, in the main, cosmetic and can ultimately do your new career more harm than good. Whilst it would be nice to think that finding work was this easy, it's sadly this sort of practice that leads to disillusioned, jobless clients and in turn, tarnishes the reputation of agencies in general.

*  Do your research first - if the majority of the agent's clients are working, then chances are you've hit upon a responsible agency. But remember, when you're looking for your first job, no-one will work harder than you.


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8.   Gopher it!


*  Rather than starting as a presenter, you may want to just try getting into TV as anything. Many presenters start as a runner with a production company, expected to do everything and anything. If you're really lucky you'll be paid but expect to turn up for nothing.

See it as a learning curve - you can check out how programmes are put together and what the presenter has to do on and off screen at first hand. Make sure you are punctual, enthusiastic and flexible - you want to be on hand when the Presenter is off sick so that you can fill in! But watch out for the exploiters out there - if you're still only making the tea in, say, 6 months time then maybe it's time to move on. T4's Dermot O'Leary worked his way up the TV ladder from being a 'warm-up man' - the person who gets TV audiences in the right mood before a show - to one of the hottest Presenters on TV.

*  How do you find a production company? Occasionally, they do advertise in the press, but competition will be tough, and you are much more likely to get your first runner job by contacting the company direct. PACT produce a yearly handbook of their production company members which is a good starting point. Also do web searches, check out who is advertising for production staff and offer yourself as a runner. Note down companies that make programmes you watch with presenters you like and send them your CV.

*  Review all your skills and knowledge and target those production companies that specialise in making programmes that you have particular knowledge in - you will have more to offer them.

*  Be persistent and don't take no for an answer.


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9.   What if you hit a dead end?


Some charities like Greenpeace, the Media Trust and the Big Issue have production arms - offer to work for free as a volunteer. Schools, colleges, universities and community groups often run video projects - volunteer to work on them. You may be able to try presenting. At least, you'll gain valuable experience and skills which make it easier to get that big break. You'll also have something to show other potential employers. You could even approach them with your own idea and see if they will back you?

Maybe an indirect route may work. Think about starting as a secretary, marketing officer, assistant, etc for a big TV channel or production company. Or maybe radio or the Internet is a good starting point. Some charities and community groups that specialise in the media may also be worth checking out like Children's Express and YouthNet. You may then be able to move sideways into that presenting post that you always wanted. You'll also build up valuable contacts within the industry as well as valuable knowledge and skills.

*  But you could be a secretary for a long time so don't lose sight of where you want to be. Live and Kicking's Katy Hill began working as secretary to the Head of BBC Children's Programmes. Whilst there, she submitted her showreel to the editor of Blue Peter. After getting some direct TV experience with Nickelodeon, she got an audition for Blue Peter, and the rest, as they say, is history!

*  Finally, be prepared to network. Join groups and clubs, check out Internet discussion groups and mailing lists like Shooting People and Exposure ? or start one yourself. The more skills and contacts you can develop, the better.

*  TV presenting jobs are like golddust. Unfortunately, there are hundreds, if not thousands, of young people chasing a handful of presenting jobs. If you're not mega-lucky and walk or fall into a presenting career - and some do - then be prepared to graft. Work on your technique, skills and contacts. Get experience anyway you can, cultivate contacts and network, network, network.

* Be ready for disappointments and rejection. But don't get disillusioned, loads of young people across the country are in exactly the same boat as you. If want to be a TV presenter badly enough and are prepared to work for it, then you might just make it.


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10.   Autocue


Autocue is a name commonly given to the computerised prompting system used by presenters. Your script appears as a reflection over the camera lens, but the viewers can’t see it - accomplished Autocue users give the impression that they’re just talking naturally.

*  You can generally see 4 or 5 lines of your script and it scrolls upwards as you talk. The Autocue operator follows your script and ensures that no matter how fast or slow you’re talking, the Autocue keeps up with you. But if you don’t use it convincingly, your presenting will look flat and stilted.


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11.   Being a presenter


*  Presenters work at the front line of radio and television, entertaining or informing the audience. They work in all areas of broadcasting – national and regional television and radio, satellite and cable channels. Tasks will vary depending on medium and the type of programme.

*  Presenters work on a variety of types of programme, including news, current affairs, sport, music shows, chat shows and gameshows and specialist programmes such as travel, gardening, history and DIY. They may be involved in introducing and hosting programmes, introducing and interviewing guests, playing music and interacting with the audience.

*  Announcers (often known as continuity announcers) may introduce programmes, provide links between them, give details of future programmes and read short news items and traffic or weather bulletins.

Announcers and presenters work closely with the production team, following detailed instructions in order to keep programmes to plan whilst on air and need to respond quickly and positively to any problems or changes.

*  On smaller regional or independent radio stations they may also have to operate some of the technical equipment for recording and playback.

* Before the programme presenters will discuss the programme with directors/producers and will usually be involved in planning, including researching and rehearsing. They may write their own material.


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12.   Hours and Environment


*  Announcers and presenters often work long hours, including early, late or night shifts, depending on the needs of the particular programme or production. They are normally employed on a contract basis.

*  They might work in a sound or TV studio, which is usually air-conditioned. However, they can often work on outside broadcasts in all weathers and situations.


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13.   Skills and Interests


To be an announcer or presenter you should:

*  be outgoing and confident, and have the ability to engage with an audience

*  have excellent oral and written communication and presentation skills

be able to memorise facts and ad-lib when necessary

*  have research and interviewing skills and an inquisitive nature

*  have a good understanding of the production process

*  have a broad range of interests, including current affairs

be able to think on your feet and stay calm under pressure

*  be creative and flexible

be aware of health and safety issues. In radio presenters may need to operate technical equipment.


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14.   How to become a presenter


There is no set route to becoming a presenter, and requirements will vary depending on the type of programme. In general, entry is competitive and having the right personality, experience and skills can be more important than qualifications, although many are educated to degree or HND level.

Presenters come from a range of backgrounds, including journalism, research, dj-ing, acting or modelling, or from other roles in the broadcasting industry. Success depends on perseverance, persistence, building up contacts, and a certain amount of luck.

*  It is important to gain as much experience as possible, for example by getting involved with local community or hospital radio, or with university/college activities such as student radio or newspapers. The Community Media Association has information on training opportunities and placements for volunteers in local community media organisations. You can search for your nearest hospital radio station on the Hospital Broadcasting Association website. See the Further Information section for all contact details.

*  Journalism training is becoming increasingly important for roles which involve news or current affairs. Information on journalism training can be found on the Broadcast Journalism Training Council (BJTC) and the National Council for the Training of Journalists (NCTJ) websites – for more details see the 'Journalist: Broadcast' and 'Journalist: Print' profiles, and refer to the Further Information section for contact details . Presenters on this type of programme may also be specialists in an area such as politics or foreign affairs.

Detailed knowledge of a specialist field, such as gardening, history or sport can also be useful for programmes relating to these. Presenters for music shows have often had performing careers, or may have worked as club DJs. For entertainment shows presenters often have an acting background and will audition to become presenters. • It is worth checking the websites of broadcasting companies and The Stage magazine (available from newsagents or in reference libraries) for audition and competition opportunities and information about jobs.

*  There are short courses on TV presenting, but these are often expensive, and you should research their content and likely outcomes carefully. Some courses may provide a showreel, which you can send to broadcasting companies as a kind of 'visual CV'. (You could also produce a short demo CD, tape or showreel yourself – Skillset Careers (see below) will advise on how to go about this). The Radio Academy and the Commercial Radio Companies Association have information on getting into radio on their websites. See Further Information for contact details.


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15.   Opportunities

Presenters work for radio and television companies across the United Kingdom. Television includes national and regional networks, and satellite channels. Radio includes national and regional networks and independent radio stations. Many presenters are employed as freelances on short contracts.


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16.   Annual Income


Freelance rates within the media vary widely and may be calculated on a daily or weekly basis. Fees can be negotiated individually or from guidelines provided by the Broadcasting Entertainment Cinematograph and Theatre Union (BECTU).


Rates will vary depending on an individual's experience, the type of production and the budget available. Expenses such as travel, accommodation and meals will often be included in a negotiated salary package


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17.    The TV Presenter


The television presenter is the front-person for a program. Their job includes:

• Presenting information and/or opinions.

• Introducing people and elements of the show.

• Interviewing guests.

• Linking between segments of the show.

• Taking part in onscreen activities.


*  Being a presenter is all about personality. Although presenters must learn a few simple technical skills, what usually makes or breaks a presenter is the ability to project the right type of onscreen personality.

Obviously some presenting roles have specific requirements. For example, a news reader must be able to read an autocue without mistakes, a football presenter must have good game knowledge, a children's presenter must be able to relate well to kids, etc.

* During a typical production the presenter may need to work closely with the director, floor manager, camera operators and sound operators.


Required Skills: Presenters are expected to have the following skills:

• Basic knowledge of television terminology and operating procedures.

• A clear voice.

• Self-confidence.

• Interpersonal skills.

• For studio or OB work, the ability to keep presenting while hearing instructions through an earpiece.

• Improvisation skills.

• The ability to work calmly under stress.

• In most cases, some knowledge of the program topic (e.g. sports, etc).



Like it or not, it's a fact that your looks can have a bearing on your ability to find work as a presenter. You don't necessarily have to be gorgeous, but let's face it — ugly people are under-represented in this vocation. We don't approve of it but it would be remiss of us not to be realistic.

If you're not blessed with great looks, don't assume that you can never be in front of a camera. You might be surprised at how well you come across with a little training and a little makeup. You can also look for work in areas which are less reliant upon looks. For example, an ordinary-looking presenter would have trouble getting work on a makeover show, but might do fine in general interest shows such as science, travel, etc.

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18.    Tips on becoming a top TV Presenter


1. The first thing to do is to practise your presenting skills in front of a mirror. Write yourself a script and present it. When you feel confident doing this try interviewing a friend in front of a mirror.

2. In school you will have a lot of opportunities to present something to your class, use this opportunity to gain experience of performing in front of your peers who can be the hardest audience to perform to.

3. Many charities and organisations are looking for volunteers to go around and give presentations about the organisation to members of the public whether this be a stall at an event or a planned presentation in a school. Try and get a volunteer position doing work like this.

4. Join a local or school theatre group, this will gain you experience in working in front of a live audience and scripted work.

5. Join a local hospital or university radio station. This again will gain you great experience in entertaining an audience and will give you the chance to work on your vocal skills. Being a TV presenter you have to present a good image and a good voice.

6. Create your own image, image is very important as a TV presenter so find an image that you think will either stand out or give you the best opportunity to get a presenting role.

7. Watch TV presenters from various shows and study them. Look at what works for them and how they handle situations and then bring the bits you like in to your presenting.

8. Buy a video camera or try and borrow one from someone you know. Film yourself doing some presenting then watch the footage back with others and look at where you can improve.

9. When you are happy with what you are seeing on camera, edit together a demo tape. To do this you will need a computer with editing software.

10. Once you are happy with your demo start sending copies to TV companies. Remember to find names of people at companies you need to send your demo to so you are addressing the demo to a member of staff, this can improve your chances of someone watching it.


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19.   Showreels


*  To get that vital job, you’ll need a tape of your performance, as well as the obvious resume and picture.


Sending a tape will not guarantee you a role, nor can you guarantee that it will even get watched. So therefore, try not to get too hopeful. A lot of people ask, 'Just what should I put on my tape? How long should it be?' etc, so here I am going to give you the answers.


The Showreel

When an actor or presenter makes a recorded performance, this tape (though DVD format is commonly used nowadays) is called a showreel. Although the showreel is more common with television presenters, and is just as important as a CV with regards to presenting, some actors make a showreel too.

Therefore, if a casting director was to see their CV and picture, a tape or DVD would be an added bonus, as they can be seen there and then on screen. Even though it is not needed, in some cases it might help.

When a presenter makes a showreel, he or she has to do certain things such as walking and talking, interviewing, and something else, preferrably something which they want to do in future (ie children's presenting, the more serious newsreading, or QVC-style sales.) This is similar when it comes to acting.


The Setting

The setting for your tape need definitely not be professional. Simply find a nice, clear room in your house and do it there. If you opt for doing something outside - then watch for obscure scenery - eg flowers that appear to come out of your head or whatnot. Scroll down for information on Equipment and Editing.


What should be on the tape?

As previously mentioned, an actor needs to get together a little selection of monologues. If you like, you can film a short introduction, just telling the camera about yourself. Then perhaps go straight onto the acting. Usually if an actor or presenter makes a showreel, then this tape/DVD is duplicated and sent round along with CVs and pictures.


Audition tape Dont's

Just for the record, here are a couple of things NOT to do on your audition tape.


1. If you are doing an introduction, make it no more than a few seconds long. The reason why will be outlined in 'How long should it be?'

2. Just as you wouldn't dare do in your cover letter, DON'T go on and on about how you want the role because you want to meet the cast, or how you're the biggest HP fan in the world and deserve this role, etc etc. It does not sound professional, and they will just turn off. If you have reasons why you should get this role (decent sounding ones, that is) then stick to putting them in your cover letter.

3. DON'T pretend to be someone else when you do your tape. Just be yourself. In the real world of TV and film, if an actor or presenter puts on a false personality, then in times of panic, this 'mask' will easily slip. Not only that, but people can easily see through you, specifically casting directors. Just smile, be yourself and do it - it is a whole lot easier just being you. Trust me!


How long should it be?

Showreels should never be longer than four minutes. This is true, as casting directors have so much to do as it is without having to watch ten minutes of every person.


Remember – The first 30 seconds are the most vital!

This is usually in terms of presenting but I suppose it works the same way for actors. And if you want that role, you have to get their attention straight away!


What equipment should I use?

Many people opt for a professional showreel. This is usually done in a package at a professional studio, by qualified cameramen, and also edited by professionals. However, this usually costs £300 and over, and you have only two days to get everything right.

The truth is, you do not HAVE to have a professional showreel at all, ESPECIALLY if you are simply making a HP tape! If someone tells you that you'd get a better chance if you 'go pro', do not listen. In all honesty, the tape will be four minutes of you. Yes, YOU - The casting director is not bothered about seeing flashy editing techniques and perfected lighting. All they want to see is how well you can act.

In addition, if you make the tape at home, you can perfect it again and again!

If you, a friend or a family member owns a video camera, then this is fine – get them to film you! Providing that the picture is clear, it should be perfect. That is all you need!


Presenting your tape

If you can, try and keep a master copy of your tape, so that if you need it again, you can just make another copy. Make sure that your name and details are on the cover/main labels. Obviously, send your tape along with your CV/resume, photographs and a cover letter (also an SAE if you expect your package back). Post your tape in a padded envelope with the address printed clearly. If you can, send your package by Recorded Delivery so that you know when your package reaches its destination.


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20.   Public Speaking Tips: 10 Easy Ways to Prepare


*  An introduction is the very first message an audience will hear when you have to speak in public.

*  It can set the scene and make or break a presentation. It is frustrating so very few presenters use this powerful tool. Always request an MC or someone respected to introduce you. This provides instant credibility through third party endorsement.

*  It is far better for someone else to talk about and endorse your fantastic achievements than yourself!

The more senior, respected, experienced or higher ranked, the greater the credibility boost you will receive. As that well-known phrase goes, you never get a second chance to make a good first impression. So do you leave this opportunity to chance? Or do you want to control every word the audience hears?

It is always best to control the introduction and in particular, write your own introduction and importantly brief the person who will be introducing you.

A well-written introduction you have prepared beforehand also allows you to move smoothly and unhesitatingly from the introduction to your opening.


Here are some public speaking tips and 10 Easy Ways to Prepare a Powerful Introduction when giving a speech for any occasion...


1.  It Has To Make Sense. Your introduction must make sense and cover why you are speaking or have been chosen to speak. Read it out aloud to someone else prior to giving it to the introducer.

2. Keep It Simple. The best introductions are often the simplest.

3. Keep It Short. A short introduction will have the most impact. Remember the audience has come to hear you not the introducer. Bill Clinton has made famous his mistake in the US Congress where he took longer to introduce someone than the actual speech. Don't make this fatal mistake. A good introduction will take between 20 and 30 seconds to read out and be between 3 and 4 paragraphs in length.

4.  Make An Impact. Good introductions make an impact. Ways to do this could be to start with a rhetorical question.

5. Include Personal Information. Include personal information to make a human connection with the audience. This helps build rapport and empathy.

6.  Include The Quirky, Memorable or Unusual. This helps the audience relate to and remember you. It is also useful as a way of introducing humour or a foil or balance to all your great achievements. The unusual can also surprise and delight an audience. I use my past involvement in the unusual athletic pursuit of hammer throwing to help put a smile on the audiences faces.

7. Link To The Opening. Make sure you have a link in your introduction to segue seamlessly into your opening. Remember the introduction and your openings are NOT the same.

8.  Have Large Font. Make sure the introducer can read the introduction. Keep the font as large as possible that will comfortably fit on 1-page.

9. Brief The Introducer. Always brief the introducer on pronunciations and any stage directions. It is especially important for them to shake your hand to give you confidence and energy and permission to connect with the audience.

10.  Give Them Plenty Of Time To Prepare. Avoid handing the introduction to the MC at the last moment. Give them plenty of time to prepare and rehearse. Most are nervous and will want to do their best. Always avoid the credibility sapping experience of them saying ..."So and so has just handed me this and I'm just going to read it out." Don't laugh it has happened to me and nothing dampens your energy and enthusiasm as a presenter more than being introduced with that line.


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